For purpose of finance and management, the health care industry is typically divided into several areas. As a basic framework for defining the sector,
the United Nations International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) categorizes the health care industry as generally consisting of:
2.medical and dental practice activities;
3."other human health activities".
The Global Industry Classification Standard and the Industry Classification Benchmark further distinguish the industry as two main groups:
1.health care equipment and services; and
2.pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and related life sciences.
There are many ways of providing health care in the modern world. The place of delivery may be in the home, the community, the workplace, or in health
facilities. The most common way is face-to-face delivery, where care provider and patient see each other 'in the flesh'.
Improving access, coverage and quality of health services depends on the ways services are organized and managed, and on the incentives influencing providers and users.
In market-based health care systems,
for example such as that in the United States, such services are usually paid for by the patient or through the patient's health insurance company.
The structure of health care charges can also vary dramatically among countries. For instance, Chinese hospital charges tend toward 50% for drugs, another major percentage
for equipment, and a small percentage for health care professional fees.
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